Hi readers! In this article I will invite you to know the virtues of people who study science in Islamic teachings. I chose this topic for this article so that we know about Islam to students, whether he / she is learning religious knowledge or he / she is learning non religious knowledge.
As always, before we discuss this topic, I will first describe some verses of the Qur’an and the hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad related to this topic.
Allah Ta’ala said;
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمۡ تَفَسَّحُواْ فِي ٱلۡمَجَٰلِسِ فَٱفۡسَحُواْ يَفۡسَحِ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡۖ وَإِذَا قِيلَ ٱنشُزُواْ فَٱنشُزُواْ يَرۡفَعِ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ دَرَجَٰتٖۚ وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ خَبِيرٞ ١١
O you who believe! when it is said to you, make room in (your) assemblies, then make ample room, Allah will give you ample, and when it is said: Rise up, then rise up. Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, in high degrees; and Allah is Aware of what you do. (Al-Mujaadalah ; 11).
وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَٱلدَّوَآبِّ وَٱلۡأَنۡعَٰمِ مُخۡتَلِفٌ أَلۡوَٰنُهُۥ كَذَٰلِكَۗ إِنَّمَا يَخۡشَى ٱللَّهَ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِ ٱلۡعُلَمَٰٓؤُاْۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ ٢٨
And of men and beasts and cattle are various species of it likewise; those of His servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving. (Faathir ; 28).
قُلۡ ءَامِنُواْ بِهِۦٓ أَوۡ لَا تُؤۡمِنُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مِن قَبۡلِهِۦٓ إِذَا يُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡهِمۡ يَخِرُّونَۤ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِۤ سُجَّدٗاۤ ١٠٧ وَيَقُولُونَ سُبۡحَٰنَ رَبِّنَآ إِن كَانَ وَعۡدُ رَبِّنَا لَمَفۡعُولٗا ١٠٨ وَيَخِرُّونَ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِ يَبۡكُونَ وَيَزِيدُهُمۡ خُشُوعٗا ١٠٩
Say: Believe in it or believe not; surely those who are given the knowledge before it fall down on their faces, making obeisance when it is recited to them  And they say: Glory be to our Lord! most surely the promise of our Lord was to be fulfilled  And they fall down on their faces weeping, and it adds to their humility . (Al-Israa’ ; 107-109).
Prophet Muhammad said;
إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عنه عمله إلا من ثلاثة : إلا من صدقة جارية ، أو علم ينتفع به ، أو ولد صالح يدعو له
If a person dies then all his actions are cut off except for three things; charity jariya, or useful knowledge, or pious children who pray for him/her. (The hadith is narrated by Muslim, 5/73, al-Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad, 38, Abu Daud, 2880, an-Nasa’’, 2/129, at-Tirmidzi, 1/359, al-Baihaqi, 6/278, Ahmad, 2/372).
الدُّنيا ملعونَةٌ ملعونٌ ما فيها إلاّ ذكرَ الله وما والاَه، وعالمٍ أو مُتعلّمٍ
The world is cursed. Something that is in it is also curse, except dzkir (remembrance) to Allah, people do dzikr (people who remember Allah), people who are knowledgeable and people who learn knowledge. (The hadith is narrated by at-Tirmidzi, 2322, Ibnu Majah, 4112).
سيأتيكم أقوام يطلبون العلم ، فإذا رأيتموهم فقولوا لهم : مرحبًا بوصية رسول الله وأقنوهم ـ علموهم
A people will come to you to study knowledge. If you see them, then you must say to them; welcome the people who became the will of the Rasulullah. You have to teach them. (The hadith is narrated by Ibnu Majah, 247).
If we look at some verses of the Qur’an and some of prophet Muhammad’s hadiths above, then at least we can conclude some things like below;
1. In the view of Islam, people who study science have special features.
2. Allah Ta’ala will raise the degree of people who study science.
3. In the Qur’an it is explained that the servants of Allah Ta’ala who fear him are only ‘ulama; people who have knowledge.
4. Science can add to the quality of our faith to Allah Ta’ala.
5. The useful benefits of knowledge can still be obtained by someone even though he/she is dead.
6. Actually, the world and all its contents are cursed, except dzkir (remembrance) to Allah, people do dhikr, people who are knowledgeable and people who learn knowledge.
7. People who learn knowledge get special attention from the prophet Muhammad.
8. People who learn knowledge should be treated very well.
Those are some of the virtues of people who learn knowledge in the Islamic view. Islam that strongly encourages a person, especially on his followers, to learn. That’s because with the knowledge of a person can improve the quality of his mind, so he can distinguish the good and the bad. In addition, science can also add to the quality of faith to Allah Ta’ala.
I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!