Islamic Opinion: Someone Not Burdened by Other People’s Mistakes ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will still say about the fair attitude of the Prophet Muhammad when he judged someone’s mistakes. Once upon a time there were some people from a group who killed many Muslims. He did not blame everyone in the group. In fact, he protested and violently punished Muslims who took revenge by killing several people from the group who were actually not involved in the murder.
Anas radliyallaahu ‘anhu narrates, that the Prophet Muhammad sallallaaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam had been visited by Ri’lun, Dzakwan, ‘Ushayyah, and Bani Lahyan. Muslims think that they have converted to Islam. They came to ask for help to help their people. The Prophet Muhammad then gave them seventy people from among the Ansar to help them. Anas said, “We refer to the seventy Ansar as al-Qurrâ’. During the day they gather firewood and at night they pray. “Seventy people then went with them until they all arrived at Ma’unah’s well. They then killed seventy Muslims. The Prophet Muhammad waited for them for a month and searched for Ri’lun, Dzakwan and Bani Lahyan.
The above incident was a major disaster that hit Muslim camp. Previously they did not know that they were punished. That is what makes the Prophet Muhammad very sad. He prayed for the seventy people who had been killed. Of the seventy people there was only one person who survived the massacre. He was named ‘Amru bin Umaiyyah adl-Dlamari who had been liberated by ‘Amir bin Thufail. He then returned to Medina.
On the way, before, Amru bin Umaiyah arrived in Medina, he met two polytheists from the Banu ani Amir, Bani who had slaughtered sixty-nine Muslims who had been sent by the Prophet Muhammad to help them. At that time, he wanted to kill the two people. And right! He killed them both. After that he returned to Medina and told the Prophet Muhammad.
Do you know how the Prophet Muhammad responded?
After hearing the story delivered Amru bin Umaiyyah all the sadness of the Prophet Muhammad was lost. The loss of his sadness was not because there was one friend of his who survived, especially because his friend had killed two people from Banu ‘Amir. All sadness was gone because he knew that his best friend had committed a major sin; killed two innocent people. He then applied Islamic law to murder cases. He did not use the feeling of looking at the case at all. He said, “Really you have killed two people, so I will set a ransom for both of them.” He decided that ‘Amru bin Umaiyyah must pay a ransom to the family of two people he had killed.
All readers! Again, in this article we see how Prophet Muhammad was just when he saw the problem. If we count the incident in terms of profit and loss, of course the party who suffered the loss was the Muslim side because there were sixty-nine people who had been killed, while on Bani ‘Amir’s side there were only two people killed. But such profit and loss calculations do not apply to him. He continued to see, that the two people who had been killed by Amru bin Umaiyah were not guilty, because they were both not involved in the murder that killed sixty-six Muslims. For him, someone does not bear the mistakes of others. Two people who have been killed cannot be prosecuted for the murders committed by Banu Amir. Both of them are innocent at all.
What I have said above is the same as what Allah Ta’ala has said in His word;
كُلُّ نَفۡسِۢ بِمَا كَسَبَتۡ رَهِينَةٌ ٣٨
Every soul is held in pledge for what it earns. (Al-Mudatstsir ; 38).
قُلۡ أَغَيۡرَ ٱللَّهِ أَبۡغِي رَبّٗا وَهُوَ رَبُّ كُلِّ شَيۡءٖۚ وَلَا تَكۡسِبُ كُلُّ نَفۡسٍ إِلَّا عَلَيۡهَاۚ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٞ وِزۡرَ أُخۡرَىٰۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُم مَّرۡجِعُكُمۡ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمۡ فِيهِ تَخۡتَلِفُونَ ١٦٤
Say: What! shall I seek a Lord other than Allah? And He is the Lord of all things; and no soul earns (evil) but against itself, and no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another; then to your Lord is your return, so He will inform you of that in which you differed. (Al-An’aam ; 164).
All readers! That is a brief explanation of someone not burdened by other people’s mistakes. I hope, may Allah make us, including those who can imitate the justice of the Prophet Muhammad, because it will be very useful for the peace of beings in the sky and on earth.
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
We can find the following story above, Fannu at-Ta’aamul an-Nabawiy ma’a Ghairi al-Muslimiin, by Raghib as-Sarjani, Dar al-Arqam, Cairo, 2010, p. 135-141.