by

Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad

Religion of Love: Hi readers! Do you want to know what was meant by Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad? Who made Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad? Do you want to know the sources of Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad? Do you want to know the proofs of the needs of Muslims for Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad? If your answer to all of these questions is “Yes”, then keep reading this article, because in this article I will explain it all!

The Meaning of Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad

In the previous article I have explained that what Sharia means is, “Laws that can be used to find out the laws relating to all actions of Muslims who are required to obey these laws (Mukallaf), and all problems and all phenomena get in touch with them. ” I highly recommend you to read the article, so that you can understand what I want to explain in this article, and the next few articles about Sharia, insha Allah.

If we understand the meaning of Sharia as I have explained above, it will be easy for us to understand that what Sharia meant at the time of Prophet Muhammad was Islamic law practiced at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Of course, this explanation is a brief explanation. I thought, I will not write it down in detail, because you only need to think briefly by connecting the “meaning or definition of Sharia” with “the time of Prophet Muhammad”.

Read;

Important Things About Sharia Muslims Should Know

How Many Years did Quran was Revealed to Prophet Muhammad? Read this!

There are several important things that we should know about Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad. One of them is about who made Sharia and what are the sources of Sharia at that time. I say that because it turns out that there are still many Muslims who don’t know these two things.

Who Made Sharia at the Time of Prophet Muhammad; Allah, Prophet Muhammad or They both?

One of the important things about Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad that all Muslims should know is, “Who made Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad; Allah, Prophet Muhammad, or both of them? ” I say this because there are many people who don’t understand the relationship between the Quran (or Allah) and the Hadith (or Prophet Muhammad).

For me, there is a verse from the Quran that we can use as a basis for understanding the relationship between the Quran and the Hadith. And, at the same time we can also understand who made Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad. One verse of the Quran that I mean is as follows;

يَا أَيَّهُا الرَّسُوْلُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللهَ لَا يَهْدِي قَوْمَ الْكَافِرِيْنَ

O Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad), tell what has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you don’t do that, then (it means) you don’t deliver His message. Allah always protects you from human disturbance. Indeed, Allah does not guide unbelievers. (Al-Maidah: 67).

Readers all! If we understand the above verse of the Quran, of course we understand that the relationship between the Quran and the Hadith is the relationship between something essential (Quran) and something that conveys or explains (Hadith). Thus, we can conclude that it is Allah Who makes Sharia; only God! The status of the Prophet Muhammad in relation to Sharia is only as a person who communicates it to others.

Sources of Sharia at the time of Prophet Muhammad

If you have read the previous article, of course you already know that there are thirteen things that are the source of Sharia. But what you should know is that not all of these things were the source of Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. The reason is that the majority of the thirteen sources of Sharia are things that arose after the Prophet Muhammad died, such as the Sahabi Opinion (قَوْلُ الصَّحَابِيِّ), Al-Mashalih Al-Mursalah (الْمَصَالِحُ الْمُرْسَلَةُ), and several other sources.

So, if this is the case, what were the sources of Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad?

If we read the literacy of Islamic law about Sharia, then we will find an explanation that there are three things that were the source of Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad; Quran, Sunnah (Hadith), and logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ).

I am sure we all know what the Quran and Sunnah (Hadith) are. I have also explained these two things in the previous article. I won’t explain anymore now. Now I will only explain the duties of the Sunnah (Hadith) in relation to the Quran, and logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ).

In Islamic legal literacy it is explained that there are at least two duties of the Sunnah (Hadith) in relation to the Quran;

One; strengthen information contained in the Quran, such as orders to pray, pay Zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan, and so on.

Two; explain the global meanings that exist in the Quran, such as Sunnah (Hadith) which explains the mechanisms of prayer, Zakat, Hajj, and so on.

These are the two duties of the Sunnah (Hadith) which are generally related to the Quran.

As for what is meant by logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ), in general, it is a thought process carried out to get a purpose. All normal people can do that. But there is a very big difference between logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ) as a general thought process and logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ) as one of the sources of Sharia.

If we read Islamic legal literacy about it, then we will find an explanation that if the Prophet Muhammad was asked about the law of a problem, if he did not have the answer to it, then he would wait for the Quran to come down to him. If no Quran was revealed to explain it, then he would think logically by considering the aspects of goodness and the spirit of the Sharia to provide an answer to this problem.

It is true, logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ) in this context can be understood as Sunnah (Hadith). But, for me, what distinguishes the two things is the thought process carried out by the Prophet Muhammad to determine the law of a matter. Meanwhile, Sunnah (Hadith) in general is everything related to the Prophet Muhammad, be it words, deeds or decisions. So, the status of Sunnah (Hadith) is more general than logic (Ijtihad or إِجْتِهَادٌ).

Evidence of the Need for Muslims in Sharia at that time

If we want to know the evidence of the needs of Muslims in Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad, then we must know what they did before they became Muslims. My point is, that Sharia are (in another sense) rules which stipulate that these actions are good actions that should be done, and bad actions that should not be done.

Do you know that worshiping idols, drunkenness, adultery, and other things like that are bad deeds that shouldn’t be done? Do you know that praying, paying Zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan are obligations that must be carried out by Mukallaf Muslims? I’m sure you already know all that. Sharia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad has explained all that. So, all Muslims at any time really need Sharia to know and understand it all. This is the proof.

Readers all! That is a brief explanation of this article. Do you understand? If you have any questions, please ask!

I think that’s all for this article. May be useful. Amen!

See you again in the next article!

Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *