Guide Center: Recognition of Islam and Prophet Muhammad to Other Religions ~Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain about one theme related to inter-religious harmony. We must know about this because there is a lot of hostility caused by misunderstandings between religious people. They think that their religions are different, but the fact is the opposite. The theme that I mean is that Islam and the Prophet Muhammad recognized the prophethood of the previous Prophets, including the Prophet who brought Judaism and the Prophet who brought Christianity.
Before I speak more about recognition of Islam and Prophet Muhammad to other religions, I will present a number of verses from the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad. Allah Ta’ala said;
وَلَمَّا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُۥ وَٱسۡتَوَىٰٓ ءَاتَيۡنَٰهُ حُكۡمٗا وَعِلۡمٗاۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجۡزِي ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ ١٤
And when he attained his maturity and became full grown, We granted him wisdom and knowledge; and thus do We reward those who do good (to others). (Al-Qashash ; 14).
قَالَ يَٰمُوسَىٰٓ إِنِّي ٱصۡطَفَيۡتُكَ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ بِرِسَٰلَٰتِي وَبِكَلَٰمِي فَخُذۡ مَآ ءَاتَيۡتُكَ وَكُن مِّنَ ٱلشَّٰكِرِينَ ١٤٤
He said: O Musa! Surely, I have chosen you above the people with My messages and with My words, therefore take hold of what I give to you and be of the grateful ones. (Al-A’raaf ; 144).
وَزَكَرِيَّا وَيَحۡيَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَإِلۡيَاسَۖ كُلّٞ مِّنَ ٱلصَّٰلِحِينَ ٨٥
And Zakariya and Yahya and Isa and Ilyas; every one was of the good. (Al-An’aam ; 85).
وَإِذۡ أَخَذۡنَا مِنَ ٱلنَّبِيِّۧنَ مِيثَٰقَهُمۡ وَمِنكَ وَمِن نُّوحٖ وَإِبۡرَٰهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَى ٱبۡنِ مَرۡيَمَۖ وَأَخَذۡنَا مِنۡهُم مِّيثَٰقًا غَلِيظٗا ٧
And when We made a covenant with the prophets and with you, and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and Isa, son of Mariam, and We made with them a strong covenant. (Al-Ahzaab ; 7).
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن مثلي ومثل الأنبياء من قبلي كمثل رجل بنى بيتا فأحسنه وأجمله إلا موضع لبنة من زاوية , فجعل الناس يطوفون به ويعجبون له ويقولون : هلا وضعت اللبنة . قال : فأنا اللبنة وأنا خاتم النبيين
The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Verily my parable and the parables of the Prophets before me are like those who have built a house. He makes it nice and beautiful except where the bricks are in the corner. People surround him, cling to him, and say, “Are bricks not laid?” He said, “I am the brick and I am the closing of the previous Prophets.” (The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari from Abu Hurairah (3342) and Muslim (2286)).
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : أنا أولى الناس بعيسى ابن مريم في الدنيا والآخرة , والأنبياء إخوة لِعَلَّات أمهاتهم شتى ودينهم واحد
The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “I am a person who is more important than Isa ibn Maryam in the world and in the hereafter. The Prophets are brothers of one father and different mothers. Their religion is one.” (The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari from Abu Hurairah (3259) and Muslim (2365)).
Actually, there are still many verses of the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad related to this theme. But I think what I have said above is enough to explain the purpose of this article’s theme.
All readers! If we understand some of the verses of the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad above, then we can conclude several things as follows;
One; The religion of Islam brought by the Prophet Muhammad acknowledged the prophethood of all the Prophets before him, including the prophethood of Moses and Isa.
Two; The Religion brought by Prophet perfected the religion brought by the previous Prophet.
Three; In essence all the religions brought by the Prophets are one.
Four; The Prophet Muhammad was the closing of the previous Prophets; there is no Prophet after him.
That is a brief explanation of recognition of Islam and Prophet Muhammad to other religions. May be useful! Amen!
I think that is enough for this article! See you again in the next article!
We can find the explanation above in, Fannu at-Ta’aamul an-Nabawiy ma’a Ghairi al-Muslimiin, by Raghib as-Sarjani, Dar al-Arqam, Cairo, 2010, p. 36-59.