Qasr Prayer (salat); An Important Explanation

Best Information for Muslim: Hi all readers! Qasr prayer is prayer done by reducing the number of rak’ahs of prayer. The prayer is only associated with the obligatory prayers, such as Duhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha’. There are several important things about that that I will explain in this article.

Some things about Qasr prayer that I will explain are as follows;

  • Qasr Prayer (Salat); the basic understanding.
  • Qasr Prayer (Salat); suggestion or obligation?


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Qasr Prayer; The Basic Understanding

There are some basic things about Qasr prayer that we must know. We can find an explanation about it all in the following hadith;

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت ؛ أول ما فرضت الصلاة ركعتين فأُقرّت صلاة السفر وأُتمتْ صلاة الحضر . متفق عليه. و للبخاري ؛ ثم هاجر ، ففرضت أربعا ، وأقرت صلاة السفر على الأول . زار أحمد ؛ إلا المغرب فإنها وتر النهار ، وإلا الصبح فإنها تطوّل فيها القراءة

From Aisha radliyallahu ‘anha, she said, “The first time the obligatory prayer is two rak’ahs, then the Safar prayer (prayers performed on the journey) are set, and the Hadlar prayers (prayers performed besides being on the journey) are perfected. The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Bukhari has an additional riwayath of hadith, “Then he (Prophet Muhammad) migrated (to Medina). Then the prayer was obliged to four rak’ahs. Then the Safar prayer was set like the first obligation.” Ahmad added, “Except Maghrib prayer. Indeed, it is an odd prayer which is performed partially during the day, except for Subuh prayer because the prayer is actually long in the prayer.”

All Readers! The hadith explains a lot of Islamic law about Qasr prayer. Some of them are as follows;

  1. The hadith explains, that prayer is required twice; the first in Mecca before the Prophet Muhammad moved to Medina, and the second was in Medina.
  2. The hadith explains, that the number of rak’ahs of Maghrib prayer and Subuh prayer does not change, either when it is first required or when required for the second time.
  3. The hadith explains, that if someone is traveling, he may perform the Qasr prayer.

Qasr Prayer; Suggestion or Obligation?

After we understand some basic things about Qasr prayer, so, the simple question we must answer is, is the prayer recommended or obligatory?

I think what the conclusion of this discussion is clear. But there is another thing that I want to explain, that it is better for someone to doing Qasr prayer than not if he is in a condition that allow him to do it.

Note the hadith below!

عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال ؛ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ؛ إن الله يحب أن تؤتى رخصه كما يكره أن تؤتى معصيته . رواه أحمد

From Ibn Umar radliyallaahu ‘anhuma, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Verily Allah like if His reliefs are done just as He does not like anyone who fight to Him.” The hadith is narrated by Ahmad.

All Readers! There are differences among Islamic law experts about Qasr prayer status; obligation or lightening? The Hanafiyah sect said that it was an obligation. But the majority of Islamic law experts say that it is lightening and perfecting the number of Islamic prayers is the most important.

There is one important thing related to the hadith above that I want to convey, that the hadith explains, that carrying out the relief given by Islam to its followers is more than not doing it. Thus, if there were people who were on their way, it would be better to perform Qasr prayer than he would do the prayer with a complete number of rak’ahs. All of that is because Allah does not want His servants to carry out the teachings of Islam in a difficult way. Allah say;

شَهۡرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ هُدٗى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٖ مِّنَ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَٱلۡفُرۡقَانِۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهۡرَ فَلۡيَصُمۡهُۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۗ يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡيُسۡرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡعُسۡرَ وَلِتُكۡمِلُواْ ٱلۡعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمۡ وَلَعَلَّكُمۡ تَشۡكُرُونَ ١٨٥

The month of Ramadan is that in which Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 185).

That is a brief explanation about Qasr prayer. May be useful!

See you again in the next article!


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