Hi readers! In this article I will discuss about the law of spreading hoax according to Islamic teachings. As a Muslim we must know about this, because in our daily lives we often know a lot of hostility due to slanderous news.
There were a lot of verbal disasters. Therefore, the Prophet warned, “Humans are put into hell because (sins committed through) their nostrils and oral.” He also said, “All sayings of Adam’s son could endanger him except dhikr to Allah and sayings that invite goodness and leave ugliness.” Therefore, anyone who knows that and believes in Allah. with true faith, he will fear Him by keeping his mouth from speaking anything except good things.
In connection with the discussion about this hoax, in the history of Islam hypocrites in ancient times had made a hoax to defile the sanctity of the household of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and damage his good name. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and Shafwan bin al-Mu’aththal al-Silmi are among friends who witness to the noble character of the Prophet.
The hoax creates a very heavy burden on people who have a clean soul at that time – also impacts on the feelings of Muslims throughout history. The heavy burden overtook the heart of the Prophet, Aisha (the wife he loved so much), Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and Shafwan bin Mu’thil for a full month. Their hearts are covered in doubt, sadness and infinite pain.
But Allah Ta’ala calmed the heart of His Prophet by lowering the testimony of Aisha’s cleanness from the hoax and safeguard the dignity of the Prophet and refute a cruel story that does not have any justification at all, as well as cursing people who make and spread these false stories, especially Abdullah bin Ubay bin Abi Salul, the leader of the hypocrites. Allah Ta’ala say:
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلۡإِفۡكِ عُصۡبَةٞ مِّنكُمۡۚ لَا تَحۡسَبُوهُ شَرّٗا لَّكُمۖ بَلۡ هُوَ خَيۡرٞ لَّكُمۡۚ لِكُلِّ ٱمۡرِيٕٖ مِّنۡهُم مَّا ٱكۡتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلۡإِثۡمِۚ وَٱلَّذِي تَوَلَّىٰ كِبۡرَهُۥ مِنۡهُمۡ لَهُۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٞ ١١
Surely, they who concocted the lie are a party from among you. Do not regard it an evil to you; nay, it is good for you. Every man of them shall have what he has earned of sin; and (as for) him who took upon himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous chastisement. (An-Nur: : 11).
The story of the hoax begins when the Prophet Muhammad will go to war. According to Aisha, if he was going to travel, he would make a lottery for his wives. It aims to determine who will accompany young people. She said, “In a war that he wants to follow, he draws between us. It turned out that my name came out. So, I went out with the Messenger of Allah. The incident occurred after the verse was revealed which required his wives to wear hijab. I was carried on a stretcher placed on the back of a camel and spent the night on it. We also traveled until finally the Prophet finished the battle and hurried back. When we almost approached the city of Medina, he ordered the group to move at night. At that time, I came out of my bed and walked (to meet my needs) to far from the group. After finishing my needs, I returned. I felt my chest, it turned out that my cage made of zhafar root broke and disappeared. I searched for it until it was stuck in place because I had been searching for it for a long time. At the same time, the group moved back to continue the journey. They took my sack and put it on the camel that I rode. They thought I was in it. At that time women were very light in weight, not heavy and not fat, they only ate a little. They do not suspect the weight of the light that increases when they carry and lift it.
At that time Aisha was a young girl. They also led camels and walked. Then Aisyah managed to find her necklace after the group moved away. She then went to his resting place, but apparently there was no one there. She was looking for the place where she was, because according to her, the group would definitely look for it again.
When Aisha sat waiting in her place, sleepiness came until she fell asleep. At that time, Shafwan bin al-Mu’aththal walked behind the group because he also lost something and was looking for him. He walked up to the place where she was sleeping. He immediately knew her when he saw her because he had seen her before going down the verse (command) wearing hijab. She woke as soon as she heard the words (innaa lillahi wa Innaa ilaihi Raaji’uun) that Shafwan said. As soon as possible, she covered her face with a hijab.
After that, Shafwan did not speak to Aisha even a word. He held the foot of his vehicle and invited her up to it. she then rides it. Then he took her to catch up with the group after they stopped in the middle of a very hot day. Then someone made a false story between Asiyah and Shafwan and spread it. The person who has the biggest contribution in spreading the false news is Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul.
Finally, they arrived in Medina. After one month there, Aisha fell ill. People are busy talking about these baseless accusations. Actually, she had felt suspicion when she was sick, because she no longer felt the gentleness of the Prophet that she used to receive when she was sick. The Messenger of Allah only came to see him, said greetings then said, “How are you?” without any other words. That’s what made him even more suspicious.
Until at one time, Aisha was feeling well and then she went out with Ummu Misthah bin Atsatsah to defecate. When it was finished, Ummu Misthah tidied up her clothes and suddenly said, “O Aisha, woe to you!” Hearing her words, Aisha was surprised and then said, “Very bad what you say, O Ummu Misthah! Do you hurt the men who have participated in the Badr war?” Ummu Mistah said, “Do you not know what people are talking about?”
Then Aishaasked Umm Mistah what was happening. Then Ummu Mistah told the accusations of several people against her. Hearing the story, Aisha’s illness worsened from the previous one. When she arrived at the Prophet’s house, she greeted him and then immediately asked his permission to stay at her parents’house. The Prophet also allowed it.
Arriving at her parents’house, Aisha asked her mother about the incident that was being discussed by people. Her mother replied, “Be patient, girl! For Allah’s sake, many beautiful women loved by their husbands get gossip.” She then said, “Glory to Allah! What are those people talking about?”
At night Aisha continued to cry until morning. Her tears continued to flow without stopping. She could not sleep because the tears continued to wet her cheeks until morning.
In the midst of such conditions the Prophet gathered his friends and extended family to ask for their opinions and testimonies. Usamah bin Zaid testified that Aisha was innocent, and said, “All your families are good people.” While Ali bin Abi Talib said, “You should not be saddened by it, there are still many other women besides her. Just ask the female slave, surely she will justify you.”
Then the Prophet called Barirah and asked, “O Barirah, do you see anything suspicious of Aisha?”” Barirah said, “For the sake of Allah Who sent you with the truth, I have never seen anything despicable of her. Only, she was a young girl who had overslept while guarding her family’s bread dough, then came the goat eating it.”
Then the Prophet stood up and said on the pulpit, “Who is willing to defend me from the accusation of a man who has hurt my family? For Allah’s sake, I don’t know about my family except goodness. And they also accused a man who as long as I know good people, he did not come to see my family except with me.”
So, Sa’ad bin Mu’adz al-Ansari stood up and said, “I will defend you O Messenger of Allah, if this person is from the tribe of Aus, then we will cut off his head, if that person comes from our brother Khazraj tribe, please order us to take action against him.” Sa’ad bin Ubadah also stood up and said to Saad bin Mu’adz, “You are a lie, for Allah’s sake you will not kill him and cannot kill him. Even if that person from your tribe, you will not say that.”
Then Usaid bin Hudhair stood up – he was the nephew of Sa’ad bin Mu’adz – and said to Sa’ad bin Ubadah, “You are the lie, for Allah’s sake, we will kill him. You are hypocritical and defending a hypocrite.” So the two tribes of Aus and Khazraj made a fuss until there was almost a fistfight. While the Prophet was on the pulpit. He tried to calm them down until finally they were silent and the Prophet was silent.
At that time, for two nights Aisha continued to cry. Her tears continued to run without stopping and could not sleep. Her parents were worried about her and always accompanied her. Not for long, suddenly the Prophet came. He said a greeting and then he sat down, and said, “Ammaa ba’du, O Aisha, has come to me this and such news about you. If you are not guilty, then Allah surely decreases revelation which frees you from accusation. However, if you have committed a sin, then please forgive God and repent to Him. Indeed, if a servant confesses his sin and repents, surely Allah will accept his repentance.”
When Aisha heard the Prophet say like that, Aisha wiped her tears and said to her parents, “O father and mother, please answer the Prophet”s question.” Both parents said, “By Allah, we don’t know what to say.” Aisha replied, “For Allah’s sake, I know you have all heard that conversation. The conversation remains in your heart, and you all justify it. Even if I say that I am innocent then you all will not believe. For Allah’s sake, there is now no best solution except to be patient like what the Prophet Yusuf’s father did:
وَجَآءُو عَلَىٰ قَمِيصِهِۦ بِدَمٖ كَذِبٖۚ قَالَ بَلۡ سَوَّلَتۡ لَكُمۡ أَنفُسُكُمۡ أَمۡرٗاۖ فَصَبۡرٞ جَمِيلٞۖ وَٱللَّهُ ٱلۡمُسۡتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ ١٨
And they brought his shirt with false blood upon it. He said: Nay, your souls have made the matter light for you, but patience is good and Allah is He Whose help is sought for against what you describe. (Yusuf : 18).
After that, Aisha immediately turned away by sleeping sideways on the bed. While her parents continued to accompany her until several verses from Surat al-Nur explaining that Aisha was innocent are coming:
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلۡإِفۡكِ عُصۡبَةٞ مِّنكُمۡۚ لَا تَحۡسَبُوهُ شَرّٗا لَّكُمۖ بَلۡ هُوَ خَيۡرٞ لَّكُمۡۚ لِكُلِّ ٱمۡرِيٕٖ مِّنۡهُم مَّا ٱكۡتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلۡإِثۡمِۚ وَٱلَّذِي تَوَلَّىٰ كِبۡرَهُۥ مِنۡهُمۡ لَهُۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٞ ١١ لَّوۡلَآ إِذۡ سَمِعۡتُمُوهُ ظَنَّ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتُ بِأَنفُسِهِمۡ خَيۡرٗا وَقَالُواْ هَٰذَآ إِفۡكٞ مُّبِينٞ ١٢ لَّوۡلَا جَآءُو عَلَيۡهِ بِأَرۡبَعَةِ شُهَدَآءَۚ فَإِذۡ لَمۡ يَأۡتُواْ بِٱلشُّهَدَآءِ فَأُوْلَٰٓئِكَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ هُمُ ٱلۡكَٰذِبُونَ ١٣ وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُۥ فِي ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ لَمَسَّكُمۡ فِي مَآ أَفَضۡتُمۡ فِيهِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ ١٤ إِذۡ تَلَقَّوۡنَهُۥ بِأَلۡسِنَتِكُمۡ وَتَقُولُونَ بِأَفۡوَاهِكُم مَّا لَيۡسَ لَكُم بِهِۦ عِلۡمٞ وَتَحۡسَبُونَهُۥ هَيِّنٗا وَهُوَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ عَظِيمٞ ١٥ وَلَوۡلَآ إِذۡ سَمِعۡتُمُوهُ قُلۡتُم مَّا يَكُونُ لَنَآ أَن نَّتَكَلَّمَ بِهَٰذَا سُبۡحَٰنَكَ هَٰذَا بُهۡتَٰنٌ عَظِيمٞ ١٦ يَعِظُكُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَن تَعُودُواْ لِمِثۡلِهِۦٓ أَبَدًا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤۡمِنِينَ ١٧ وَيُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأٓيَٰتِۚ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ ١٨ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَن تَشِيعَ ٱلۡفَٰحِشَةُ فِي ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٞ فِي ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأٓخِرَةِۚ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ ١٩
وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُۥ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَءُوفٞ رَّحِيمٞ ٢٠ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَٰتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنِۚ وَمَن يَتَّبِعۡ خُطُوَٰتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنِ فَإِنَّهُۥ يَأۡمُرُ بِٱلۡفَحۡشَآءِ وَٱلۡمُنكَرِۚ وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُۥ مَا زَكَىٰ مِنكُم مِّنۡ أَحَدٍ أَبَدٗا وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُزَكِّي مَن يَشَآءُۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٞ ٢١
Surely, they who concocted the lie are a party from among you. Do not regard it an evil to you; nay, it is good for you. Every man of them shall have what he has earned of sin; and (as for) him who took upon himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous chastisement  Why did not the believing men and the believing women, when you heard it, think well of their own people, and say: This is an evident falsehood?  Why did they not bring four witnesses of it? But as they have not brought witnesses they are liars before Allah  And were it not for Allah´s grace upon you and His mercy in this world and the hereafter, a grievous chastisement would certainly have touched you on account of the discourse which you entered into  When you received it with your tongues and spoke with your mouths what you had no knowledge of, and you deemed it an easy matter while with Allah it was grievous  And why did you not, when you heard it, say: It does not beseem us that we should talk of it; glory be to Thee! this is a great calumny?  Allah admonishes you that you should not return to the like of it ever again if you are believers  And Allah makes clear to you the communications; and Allah is Knowing, Wise  Surely (as for) those who love that scandal should circulate respecting those who believe, they shall have a grievous chastisement in this world and the hereafter; and Allah knows, while you do not know  And were it not for Allah’s grace on you and His mercy, and that Allah is Compassionate, Merciful  O you who believe! do not follow the footsteps of the Shaitan, and whoever follows the footsteps of the Shaitan, then surely he bids the doing of indecency and evil; and were it not for Allah´s grace upon you and His mercy, not one of you would have ever been pure, but Allah purifies whom He pleases; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing . (An-Nur : 11-21).
The decline of this revelation made the Prophet happy, smiled, and told Aisha. Aisha’s mother said, “Get up and thank the Prophet!” She replied, No, for Allah’s sake! I will not thank you to other than Allah Who helped me and cleansed my good name.”
All readers! That is a little story about false news that occurred at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. life. If we look at the story above, then of course we already understand, that false news has the potential to damage the social order and even more than that.
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
You can find the above story in, Ali Yusuf as-Subki, Zaujaatu an-Nabiy sallallaaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ath-Thaahiraat wa Hikmatu Ta’addudihinna, al-Iman Publishing, Cairo, P. 88-94.