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Important Things About Sharia Muslims Should Know

Important Things About Sharia Muslims Should Know ~ Hi readers! Do you want to know what Sharia is? Do you guys want to know what are the basics of Sharia, be it agreed-upon or debatable grounds? Do you guys want to know, do we really need Sharia and what is the reason? Do you want to know one of the best websites that explains about Sharia? If your answer to all of these questions is, “Yes,” then you are reading the right article. Why is that? The answer is because in this article I will explain it all. So, keep reading!

Definition of Sharia in Islam

One of the things everyone should know before understanding something is understanding its definition. It is one of the agreements of all scholars in any science. Likewise, with Sharia. If we want to understand Sharia, then the first thing we have to know is the definition of Sharia.

If we read the literacy of Islamic law, then we will find an explanation that what Sharia means is a law that can be used to find out the laws relating to all actions of Muslims who are required to obey these laws (Mukallaf), and all problems and all the phenomena associated with them.

Do you understand? If you don’t understand, keep reading!

I will classify the definition of Sharia into two parts. First, “The laws relating to all actions of Muslims who are required to obey these laws (Mukallaf).” Second, “Laws relating to all problems and phenomena relating to them.”

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How Many Hadith Qudsi Are There? Read this!

A Complete Explanation of What the Quran Is

There are many things that we must understand in relation to the phrase “all the actions of the Muslims …” That what is meant is all the actions they have to do (obligatory), which are very good if they do it (sunna), what they can do and what they can’t do ( mubah), which is better not to do (makruh), and which should not be done (haram).

Some examples of actions that all Muslims (the Mukallaf / who are Mukallaf) must perform are praying, fasting in Ramadan, paying Zakat, performing Haj for those who are able to do it, and so on.

Some examples of very good deeds if they do it (sunna) are fasting on Monday, Thursday, Dhuha prayer, Qabliyah prayer, Ba’diyah prayer, and so on.

Some examples of actions that they are allowed to do and may not do (change) are eating, sleeping, bathing, and so on.

Some examples of actions that they should not do (makruh) are eating food that is not clear whether it is halal or haram, prioritizing someone to be at the forefront of prayer, and so on.

Some examples of actions that they are not allowed to do (haram) are stealing, killing, drinking, adultery, and so on.

The five types of actions have been regulated by Sharia. Apart from that, Sharia has also explained the consequences for each type of action. These are all basic explanations of the first classification.

As for the second classification, that Sharia is “laws relating to all problems and phenomena related to them (Muslims; Mukallaf),” that every problem and phenomenon related to them has their respective legal status. One simple example is a demonstration by Muslims. Sharia’s position in this case is to explain the legality of demonstrations, demonstration mechanisms, etc., which can be justified in Islam.

The Principles of Sharia

Overall, in Islamic legal literacy it is explained that there are thirteen principles of Sharia. But what we have to know is that not all of these grounds are agreed upon by all Islamic jurists. That is, some of the other grounds are still being debated.

The four Agreed Principles of Sharia

What is meant by the four principles of Sharia is that all Islamic legal experts have agreed to make all of them a reference in determining law. The four basics are the Quran, Hadith, acclamation (Ijmak), and analogy (Qiyas).

Quran

I think we all know what the Quran is. In several previous articles I have explained many things about it, such as the difference between the Quran, the Hadith Nabawi, and the Hadith Qudsi. I’ve also explained some of the meanings of Surah in the Quran, such as the meaning of Surah al-Fatihah, Surah an-Nas, Surah al-Falaq, and so on.

But there is one thing that I want to make clear, that the position of the Quran as one of the basis of Sharia which has been agreed by all scholars of Islamic law is the foremost and most powerful position. What this means is that if the Quran has said that the status of an act is forbidden (haram), then we cannot change the legal status, unless it can be legitimized by the hadith.

Hadith

Like the Quran. I all of us also already know what hadith is. When I write the majority of articles on this website, I also make the hadith as one of the basis for my argument.

But one thing I want to say is, that the position of the hadith as one of the agreed basis of Sharia is under the Quran. The point is, that if we don’t find the explanation of the law in it, then the second reference we should read is the Hadith. Why is that? The answer is because the hadith describes all matters relating to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, such as his deeds, his words, and whatever has been determined by him.

Acclamation (Ijmak)

What is meant by “Acclamation (Ijmak)” is the agreement of Islamic legal experts regarding the legal status of a case. The point is, if we do not find a legal explanation for a problem in the Quran and Hadith, then we can make the Acclamation (Ijmak) a legal reference for that matter.

I would like to remind you that what is meant by Islamic law experts are Muslims who have a lot of scientific capability and knowledge about Islamic legal literacy. I don’t think everyone studying Islamic law can be called an expert on Islamic law. There are some very strict conditions for a person to be called an expert in Islamic law.

Analogy (Qiyas)

In simple terms, what is meant by “analogy (Qiyas)” is to make an analogy of a case with another case in order to understand whether there are similarities between the two cases so that the legal status can be understood later.

Practically, if we find a case, but we do not find a legal explanation in the Quran, Hadith, and Acclamation (Ijmak), then we have to analogize the case with the case that occurred during the time of Prophet Muhammad, during the time of the Sahabi, Tabi’in, and so on, so that we can understand the legal explanation.

One important thing that we must understand is that we should not be arbitrary when determining a case which we will analogize with the case we are currently encountering. Each case that is to be analogous must have the same character, even though the two cases occurred at different times and places.

Maybe now you are wondering, “What if we don’t find a case that has the same character as the case we are currently seeing?

Personally, I would like to say that until now, I have not found one problem in the present that has legal explanations in the Quran, Hadith, Acclamation (Ijmak), and the similarity of character to the problems that occurred in previous times.

The Disputed Principles of Sharia

After I explain briefly about the principles of Sharia that is followed, now I will explain briefly about the basics of Sharia that are still being debated.

If we read the literacy of Islamic law, then we will find an explanation that there are nine principles of Sharia that are still being debated;

  1. Opinion of Sahabi (قَوْلُ الصَّحَابِيِّ).
  2. Al-Mashalih Al-Mursalah (الْمَصَالِحُ الْمُرْسَلَةُ).
  3. Al-Istishab (الْإِسْتِصْحَابُ).
  4. Al-Istihsan (الْإِسْتِحْسَانُ).
  5. Al-Urfu (الْعُرْفُ).
  6. Sharia of People Before Us (شَرْعُ مَنْ قَبْلَنَا).
  7. Istiqra ‘(الْإِسْتِقْرَاءُ).
  8. Saddu adh-Dharai ‘(سَدُّ الذَّرَائِعِ).
  9. Al-Akhdhu bin Aqalli Maa Qilah (الْأَخْذُ بِأَقَلِّ مَا قِيْلَ).

Before I explain further about the disputed principles of Sharia, I would like to apologize to all of you, as I will not be explaining all of that in this article. Now I will only explain one thing, about “Sharia People Before Us (شَرْعُ مَنْ قَبْلَنَا)”. If you want me to explain something else, please let me know via the comments below.

Sharia of People Before Us (شَرْعُ مَنْ قَبْلَنَا)

In short, I would like to say that what is meant by “Sharia of the People Before Us (شَرْعُ مَنْ قَبْلَنَا)” is all things related to the people before us, the Prophet Muhammad, provided that there is no objection from the Quran or Hadith about these things.

Some of the things related to the people before us are stories about Ashabul Kahfi, meeting Prophet Khidhir with Prophet Musa, stories about Dhul Qarnain, and so on.

Is It True We Need Sharia?

Now, one of the questions we have to answer is do we really need Sharia?

If we understand the brief explanation above, if we understand our status as Muslims, then the answer to the above question is, “We really need Sharia”. Why is that? The answer is because Sharia is the standard for judging whether all our actions and all matters relating to us are correct according to Islam.

So, if you meet a Muslim who says that we don’t need Sharia, then believe me, that is not true!

Two of the Best Websites About Sharia

Maybe some of you are wondering, why just write the above subtitles, about one of the best websites about Sharia?

Do you know that there is a lot of discussion about Sharia that is not known by all Muslims, especially Muslims in countries where the majority of the population is non-Muslim? Do you know that one of the most fast ways to get information is to read information circulating on the internet, and there are tons of websites that explain Sharia? Did you know that not all websites that describe Sharia have the capability? Those are some of the reasons why I want to explain this.

I do not argue, that there are many websites that have the capability to explain Sharia, such as Dar al-Iftaa al-Missriyyah. But, personally, I recommend the website Guidelines Islamic Law as a reference to understand many things related to our daily lives, such as prayer, wudu, hajj, fasting in Ramadan, marriage, zakat, and so on.

You need to know, that all information arguments on Guidelines Islamic Law can be presented scientifically. That is my website.

See you again in the next article!