Previously, in the first article on this blog I have explained briefly that Islam is a divine religion that brings peace to mankind. There are some arguments that I mentioned to explain it, either the argument of the Qur’an or the hadith of Prophet Muhammad Shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Thus, then the next question, which we will discuss now, is, how Islam Realizing peace for mankind? However, this question becomes very important for us to answer, especially when there is so much wrong in understanding the content of Islamic teachings.
Talking about the above is not an easy matter. That is because we are required to understand the two primary references in Islam; Al-Quran and hadith of the Prophet Muhammad Shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Of course, here I am well aware, although only to understand in detail the two primary references, we will need a lot of time. Therefore, in this article I will discuss it briefly. The further discussion will I submit in a separate article, which discusses one by one, in this blog, insha Allah.
Broadly speaking, we can say that what is contained in the two primary references in Islam are general matters, which must be believed by all human beings in general, and the things that are specific, which Muslims must obey special. By believing and the things that are common and that is the special peace for mankind will be realized to the fullest.
I have previously said to the reader that what I mean by general matters above is the things related to faith, where this faith becomes one of the benchmarks of one’s piety-and at the same time he will give peace on one’s inner self. Of course, when we talk about faith, we will be faced with differences in every religion that determines who and what to believe, and how to believe. However, given the many evidences that prove that Islam is the last divine religion, which perfects the earlier celestial religions, then at least we can conclude and believe, at least because it is so, that who and what to believe, as well as the way of faith Which has been determined in the religion of Islam is the most ideal.
Speaking of who and what to believe, as prescribed in the Islamic religion, we will find six things that if we are faithful then there will be peace within us. The six things I mean are; Faith in Allah, the angels of Allah, the Books of Allah, the messengers of Allah, the Last Day (the Day of Judgment), and the judgment of Allah both good and bad.
As for the things that are special, which must be obeyed by Muslims in particular there are five things; Uttering two sentences of Syahadah (testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, performing the five daily prayers in one day, issuing zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan, and going Hajj to Mecca for the able. (Ibn Majah on the discussion of the Faith number 63, al-Bukhari on the discussion of Faith number 50, Abu Daud on the discussion of al-Qadar (provisions) number 4695, at-Tirmidhi on the discussion of Faith and Islam number 2610, Muslim in the first part of the discussion of the Faith number 97, and an-Nasa’i on discussion about Faith number 5005.)
Here I will not talk at length about it, because there are so many writings that have been discussed. Readers can look for themselves.
In fact, I personally see that in the teachings of Islam the two things, which are common and specific, can not be separated. One must believe and practice it in life. It’s just that the division I’m doing here, calling this general and this particular one, is because I see these special things can not, in fact, not be done by people who have not believed and done things That is the general nature of it. I would like to say that in order to realize peace as Islam desires one must pass through two doors. The first door is the things that are general, related to the faith. While the second door is the things that are special, related to Islam.
However, in fact, there is one more thing that can also be likened to the door to get-or perhaps the proper mention is to bring about the peace of mankind. So, the total number of doors that must be passed there are actually three. What I mean here is Ihsan. Ihsan is, we worship Allah as if we see it (with the eye of the heart), and if we are unable to do that, then we must believe that Allah sees us. This is the essence of Ihsan.
Indeed, I find the term Ihsan is in the teachings of Islam. I have not found the term in other divine religions, such as Jews and Christians. If the term as well as the concept of Ishan is absent in these two religions, I think the concept in Islam is applicable, because the ultimate goal of Ihsan is to worship the Lord of the universe with the best of worship.
To be honest, to me, and I think it is, the fundamental problem in the process of bringing peace to mankind in this Islamic version is the extent to which the understanding of what is contained in its two primary references is accurate; Qur’an and hadith. Moreover, it is how to apply it in a particular context. We can take one example of jihad. Usually, one of the arguments used to understand and implement jihad is the hadith of Prophet Muhammad shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam;
مَن رَأى مِنكُم مُنكَرَاً فَليُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَستَطعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَستَطعْ فَبِقَلبِه وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الإيمَانِ
“Whoever sees munkar, then he should change it with his hands, if he can not, then by his words, if not able, then with his heart, and that is the weakest faith.” (The hadith is narrated by Muslim, 49 and 78, on the discussion of faith).
Of course, one can not carelessly understand and apply the above hadith to the current context. At least I myself found two important things that must be understood correctly. The first is the word “munkar”. The second is the word “hand”.
Broadly speaking, munkar can be understood as a form of wrong behavior. Because of his wrong status he must be justified. But even so, to understand munkar (the evil) and in addition to munkar (the non-evil) we will certainly be faced with the many judgments that come from others, which is very possible different from the results of our assessment. That is of course, because the evil and the unlucky are the bets of the results of the sharpness of understanding, the sensitivity to the condition, the patience in analyzing and the process of conveying-except the munkar that has been established by patents in religious teachings.
As for the term “hand” in the above hadith status as the first and main step in changing munkar, there are some opinions about its meaning. There is an opinion that says that the meaning is the power (ability) of self that is used. But some say that the meaning is government.
Here, I am not intending to invite the reader to judge which of the two opinions about the meaning of the term “hand”. I just want to invite the reader to imagine, what would happen if “hand” is used to thwart the circulation of drugs which is certainly structured and involving many criminals?!
Before ending this article, I want to emphasize, that to change munkar must be in a good way!