Islamic Grace Center: Hi all readers! In this article I will explain about the goodness that is behind the marriage of the Prophet Muhammad with Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab.
Straight to! This wife of the Prophet Muhammad was named Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab. As we know that her father was a prominent person in the tribe of Quraish. He has a very big influence. Even in Islamic history he was once one of the most successful leaders.
Before Umar bin Khattab converted to Islam, he was among those who strongly opposed Islam. A lot of history tells about it. I will not discuss it now because this article is not a suitable place to do that.
After Umar bin Khattab, Hafsah’s father converted to Islam, he became a new spirit to spread the teachings of Islam. That is because with the joining of him in the stronghold of Muslims, he made the strength of Muslims increase. He became a protector for them. The Prophet Muhammad himself once prayed, “O Allah, glorify Islam with Umar bin Khattab.”
The mother of Hafsah is Zainab bint Madhun. Her mother is a woman who moved to Madinah.
Hafsah herself was born five years before Muhammad was appointed as a Prophet and Apostle. Before becoming his wife, she was the wife of one of his friends named Khanis bin Hadzafah al-Sahmi al-Qurasyi. Her husband was one of his friends who migrated twice; to Habasyah and to Medina. Her husband was also involved in the Uhud war to defend Islam. In the war her husband was wounded and eventually died.
There is a history saying that when Hafsah’s husband died, Umar bin Khattab met Uthman ibn Affan to offer a marriage to his daughter. At that time Ustman did not give a definite answer. He just said, “I will consider first.” He needed a few days to think about it. After several days he met Umar and said that he did not want to get married.
After that Umar bin Khattab met Abu Bakr and told him the same thing. But, at that time, he did not give any answer. Umar bin Khattab waited for an answer for several days until the Prophet Muhammad proposed Hafsah. Umar bin Khattab then married the Prophet Muhammad with his daughter.
A few days after the marriage happened Abu Bakr came to see Umar bin Khattab and explained the reason why he was silent when offered to marry. He was silent because he had heard the Prophet Muhammad often called her (Hafsah). He did not want to spread the secrets of the Prophet Muhammad. If only the Prophet Muhammad did not want to marry Hafsah then he would certainly accept the offer.
Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab was a smart woman. He can read and write in the midst of society that many do not have these two skills. She also has excellent literary talents.
But, anyway, as a woman Hafsah also has the nature of women in general. One day Umar bin Khattab heard that his daughter had done something like Aisha had done; sulking and angry. Umar was immediately angry at knowing that. He immediately went to see his daughter with a stick in his hand. He said, “O my daughter, I have heard you sulk to the Prophet sallallaaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam so he was angry. Listen! You must be careful so that you are not exposed to the wrath of Allah and His Messenger! O my daughter, do not be jealous of her, his wife who is admired and loved by him. He loved him. For Allah’s sake, I really know that he has been patient with you. If it wasn’t for your father, then he would have divorced you.”
There is a history that says that the Prophet Muhammad divorced Hafsah. Not long after the divorce he then came to her and canceled the divorce. He said, “O Hafsah, Gabriel has come to me and said, “O Muhammad refer to Hafsah.”
Another history says that Gabriel said, “You have divorced Hafsah, the woman is an expert fasting and always does her duty, even though she is your wife in Heaven?”
By looking at the information above, we can conclude that Hafsah is woman who always fasts and always performs her obligations. She is a woman who is very devout in carrying out the teachings of Islam. He also narrated 60 hadith. In addition, she was also trusted to keep the pages of the Qur’an after Umar bin Khattab passed away.
Now we can conclude, that the good that lies behind the marriage of the Prophet Muhammad with the Hafsa is to restore her father. Of the many historical records, I think that’s all that can be agreed upon as the reason he married her, because she herself is a young widow who is eighteen years old who is not very beautiful.
Long story short, Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab, the mother of believers, spent much of her life in Medina to worship and fast until until she woman dies. She herself died during the reign of the Umaiyyah dynasty. She was buried in Baqi’ funeral with the other wives of the Prophet Muhammad. During the funeral process many people said, “Hafsah is the mother of believers. She is the noble guardian of the Mushaf. She is the person who narrated the hadith from the Prophet and from her father, Umar bin Khattab.” The valid opinions say, that she has died in 45 hijria.
May Allah’s mercy and forgiveness be poured out on the mother, Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab. Amen!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!
See you again in the next article!
We can also find the information above in, Ali Yusuf as-Subki, Zaujaatu an-Nabiy ath-Thaahiraat wa Hikmatu Ta’addudihinna, al-Faith Publishing, Cairo, p. 109-120 and 243-244.