Good Communication Between Prophet Muhammad and Non-Muslims ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will present the way of communicating the Prophet Muhammad with non-Muslims. As Muslims, we need to know about this because good communication is needed by everyone, especially nowadays, where it starts to erode.
I will share one story related to this theme. One day ‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah negotiated with the Prophet Muhammad so that he would be willing to leave Islam. He said, “O son of my brother, verily in our minds you have a high position as you have seen, a position in the line of blood. Surely you have come to your people by bringing something right. With that you have divided their groups. With that you have fooled their dreams. With that you have denounced their gods and their religion. With that you have deceived their ancestors. Listen to me! I will give you some things that you can consider. Maybe you can accept some of it.”
The Prophet Muhammad then said to ‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah, “Say, O Abu al-Walid! I will listen.” “He said, “O my brother’s son! If you want to treasure what you have brought, then we will collect our property for you, so that you will become the person with the most wealth between us. If with that you want glory, then we will make you our leader so we don’t make decisions without you. If with that you want to be king, then we will make you king who leads us. If the one who comes to you is the genie that you see and you cannot drive him away, then we will look for medicine for you and we will use all your possessions for that until we can heal you, because there might be someone who controls someone until he is treated.”
‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah conveyed all that he had said coldly. The Prophet Muhammad listened to it. Then the Prophet Muhammad said, “Are you finished, O Abu Walid?” He replied, “Yes.” The Prophet Muhammad said, “Then listen to me!” He replied, “I will do it.” The Prophet Muhammad then read the verse below;
حمٓ ١ تَنزِيلٞ مِّنَ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ٢ كِتَٰبٞ فُصِّلَتۡ ءَايَٰتُهُۥ قُرۡءَانًا عَرَبِيّٗا لِّقَوۡمٖ يَعۡلَمُونَ ٣ بَشِيرٗا وَنَذِيرٗا فَأَعۡرَضَ أَكۡثَرُهُمۡ فَهُمۡ لَا يَسۡمَعُونَ ٤ وَقَالُواْ قُلُوبُنَا فِيٓ أَكِنَّةٖ مِّمَّا تَدۡعُونَآ إِلَيۡهِ وَفِيٓ ءَاذَانِنَا وَقۡرٞ وَمِنۢ بَيۡنِنَا وَبَيۡنِكَ حِجَابٞ فَٱعۡمَلۡ إِنَّنَا عَٰمِلُونَ ٥
Ha Mim!  A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful Allah  A Book of which the verses are made plain, an Arabic Quran for a people who know  A herald of good news and a warner, but most of them turn aside so they hear not  And they say: Our hearts are under coverings from that to which you call us, and there is a heaviness in our ears, and a veil hangs between us and you, so work, we too are working . (Fushshilat ; 1-5).
All readers! Actually, there is still a continuation of the Prophet Muhammad’s dialogue with ‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah. I deliberately did not convey everything because the story that I have submitted already represents the theme of this article.
All readers! Do you know that the way of communication of the Prophet Muhammad with ‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah was in accordance with Islamic commands about communication? Allah Ta’ala said;
وَلَا تُجَٰدِلُوٓاْ أَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ إِلَّا بِٱلَّتِي هِيَ أَحۡسَنُ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنۡهُمۡۖ وَقُولُوٓاْ ءَامَنَّا بِٱلَّذِيٓ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكُمۡ وَإِلَٰهُنَا وَإِلَٰهُكُمۡ وَٰحِدٞ وَنَحۡنُ لَهُۥ مُسۡلِمُونَ ٤٦
And do not dispute with the followers of the Book except by what is best, except those of them who act unjustly, and say: We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our Allah and your Allah is One, and to Him do we submit. (Al-‘Ankabuut ; 46).
قُلۡ يَٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ كَلِمَةٖ سَوَآءِۢ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡٔٗا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابٗا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ ٦٤
Say: O followers of the Book! come to an equitable proposition between us and you that we shall not serve any but Allah and (that) we shall not associate aught with Him, and (that) some of us shall not take others for lords besides Allah; but if they turn back, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims. (Ali ‘Imraan ; 64).
وَدَّ كَثِيرٞ مِّنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ لَوۡ يَرُدُّونَكُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ إِيمَٰنِكُمۡ كُفَّارًا حَسَدٗا مِّنۡ عِندِ أَنفُسِهِم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡحَقُّۖ فَٱعۡفُواْ وَٱصۡفَحُواْ حَتَّىٰ يَأۡتِيَ ٱللَّهُ بِأَمۡرِهِۦٓۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ قَدِيرٞ ١٠٩
Many of the followers of the Book wish that they could turn you back into unbelievers after your faith, out of envy from themselves, (even) after the truth has become manifest to them; but pardon and forgive, so that Allah should bring about His command; surely Allah has power over all things. (Al-Baqarah ; 109).
All readers! What I have said above is the way of communicating the Prophet Muhammad with non-Muslims and Islamic orders regarding the obligation to communicate well. Hopefully we include people who can communicate with others in a good way. Amen!
I think that is enough for this article about good communication between Prophet Muhammad and non-Muslims. See you again in the next article!
We can find the following story above, Fannu at-Ta’aamul an-Nabawiy ma’a Ghairi al-Muslimiin, by Raghib as-Sarjani, Dar al-Arqam, Cairo, 2010, p. 76-77.