Fairness and Its Priority in Islam ~ Hi all readers! in this article, I will explain one trait that is very influential in the stability of life in the world. What I mean is the nature of fairness. In Islamic teachings, this trait is very important. There are many verses of the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad that require someone to have this trait. Islam also threatens hard people who do not do fair.
Before I explain more about fairness and its priority in Islam. I will present a number of verses of the Qur’an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad as follows;
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَأۡمُرُ بِٱلۡعَدۡلِ وَٱلۡإِحۡسَٰنِ وَإِيتَآيِٕ ذِي ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَيَنۡهَىٰ عَنِ ٱلۡفَحۡشَآءِ وَٱلۡمُنكَرِ وَٱلۡبَغۡيِۚ يَعِظُكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُونَ ٩٠
Surely Allah enjoins the doing of justice and the doing of good (to others) and the giving to the kindred, and He forbids indecency and evil and rebellion; He admonishes you that you may be mindful. (An-Nahl ; 90).
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَأۡمُرُكُمۡ أَن تُؤَدُّواْ ٱلۡأَمَٰنَٰتِ إِلَىٰٓ أَهۡلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمۡتُم بَيۡنَ ٱلنَّاسِ أَن تَحۡكُمُواْ بِٱلۡعَدۡلِۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِۦٓۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعَۢا بَصِيرٗا ٥٨
Surely Allah commands you to make over trusts to their owners and that when you judge between people you judge with justice; surely Allah admonishes you with what is excellent; surely Allah is Seeing, Hearing. (An-Nahl ; 58).
فَلِذَٰلِكَ فَٱدۡعُۖ وَٱسۡتَقِمۡ كَمَآ أُمِرۡتَۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعۡ أَهۡوَآءَهُمۡۖ وَقُلۡ ءَامَنتُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ مِن كِتَٰبٖۖ وَأُمِرۡتُ لِأَعۡدِلَ بَيۡنَكُمُۖ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّكُمۡۖ لَنَآ أَعۡمَٰلُنَا وَلَكُمۡ أَعۡمَٰلُكُمۡۖ لَا حُجَّةَ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمُۖ ٱللَّهُ يَجۡمَعُ بَيۡنَنَاۖ وَإِلَيۡهِ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ ١٥
To this then go on inviting, and go on steadfastly on the right way as you are commanded, and do not follow their low desires, and say: I believe in what Allah has revealed of the Book, and I am commanded to do justice between you: Allah is our Lord and your Lord; we shall have our deeds and you shall have your deeds; no plea need there be (now) between us and you: Allah will gather us together, and to Him is the return. (Asy-Syuraa ; 15).
روى أبو هريرة رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : سبعة يظلهم الله تعالى في ظله يوم لا ظل إلا ظله . ذكر منهم : إمام عدل
Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu ‘anhu related, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “There are seven groups that will be shaded by Allah Ta’ala in His shade on the Day there is no shade except only His shade.” He made between seven that group; fair leader. (The hadith is narrated by Imam al-Bukhari (629, 6114, 1357) and Muslim imam (1031)).
عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : من ظلم قيد شبر من الأرض طوقه من سبع أرضين
From Aisha radliyallaahu ‘anhaa, that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever has done an arbitrary in the size of an inch of land, then Allah will crush it with seven earths.” (The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari (2321) and Muslim (1612)).
عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : من أعان على خصومة بظلم أو يعين على ظلم لم يزل في سخط الله حتى ينزع
From Abdullah bin Umar radliyallaahu ‘anhu, that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever helps petrify the dispute with the arbitrary or help the godliness, then he will continue to get Allah’s wrath until he takes it away.” (The hadith is narrated by Ibn Majah (2320) and Abu Daud (3598)).
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ألا من ظلم معاهدا أو انتقصه أو كلفه فوق طاقته أو أخذ منه شيئا بغير طيب نفس , فأنا حجيجه يوم القيامة
The Messenger of Allah sallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Remember! Anyone who judges a non-Muslim person who is a mu’ahid (who has promised and has guaranteed security from the Muslims), or harms him, or burdens him beyond his capacity, or takes something from him without willingness, then I am the person who will deny the person with evidence and reason on the Day of Judgment.”( The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud (3052), and al-Baihaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra (18511)).
All readers! Actually, there are still many propositions in Islamic teachings relating to fairness. I will not say everything, because what I have said above is enough to know what I want to say in this article.
If we look at some of the verses and hadith of the Prophet Muhammad above, we will know that this just nature is very important. Every Muslim must have it. In fact, Islam threatens Muslims who are unfair to non-Muslims.
Now, do you understand? The problem is simple and what I have conveyed is also clear. So, I hope you understand.
I think that is enough for this article about fairness and its priority in Islam. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
We can find the following story above, Fannu at-Ta’aamul an-Nabawiy ma’a Ghairi al-Muslimiin, by Raghib as-Sarjani, Dar al-Arqam, Cairo, 2010, p. 99-104.