Islamic Grace: Doubt in Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! Doubt is a common thing experienced by someone. There are many things that cause someone to doubt. The most common cause is because he is out of focus. One can experience that when he is praying. If true, the question is, can it damage prayer? What is the solution?
As always, before I answer the two questions above, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith that I mean is as follows!
عَنْ أَبِيْ سَعِيْدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ إِذَا شَكَّ أَحَدُكُمْ فِيْ صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمْ يَدْرِ كَمْ صَلَّى أَثَلَاثًا أَمْ أَرْبَعًا ؟ فَلْيَطْرُحْ الشَّكَّ وَلْيَبْنِ عَلَى مَا اسْتَيْقَنَ ، ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ سَجْدَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْلِمَ ، فَإِنْ كَانَ صَلَّى خَمْسًا شَفَعْنَ لَهُ صَلَاتَهُ ، وَإِنْ كَانَ صَلَّى تَمَامًا كَانَتَا تَرْغِيْمًا لِلشَّيْطَانِ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Abu Sa’id al-Khudri radliyallahu ‘anhu, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,”If one of you doubts in his prayer then he does not know whether he has prayed three rak’ahs or four rak’ahs let him cast aside his doubts and choose what he believes, then he must bow down twice before greeting. If it turns out he has prayed five rak’ahs, then it becomes an even number for him in his prayer. If he has prayed in the perfect rak’ah, the two prostrations will be an insult to the devil.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
First; The hadith explains what we should do if we forget or doubt when we are praying.
Second; If we experience such conditions, then we have to choose what we believe and we have to doing sujud sahwi (prostrations made by forgetting) – in another reference I find information, that we may also do the two prostrations after salutation, but after that we must do the greetings again.
Third; The information in the second point is the opinion of the majority of Islamic law experts, but there are also people who say that it cannot be used as a basis; that is to say, a person who experiences such conditions must repeat his prayer until he is sure.
Fourth; The hadith explains, that Satan always tempts someone, even though the person is praying.
Fifth; These two prostrations are called sujud sahwi (prostrations made by forgetting).
The prayers we must read in prostration are as follows;
سُبْحَانَ مَنْ لَا يَنَامُ وَلَا يَسْهُوْ
Holy God who does not sleep and does not forget.
All Readers! If we understand the brief explanation above, surely, we know that doubt in prayer cannot damage prayer. The solution is someone must doing prostration (sujud) twice and read the reading as I have explained above.
That is a brief explanation of doubt in prayer (Salat). Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!
See you again in the next article!