Hi readers! Do you want to know the definition of big sins according to Islam? Do you want to know about the Quran which explains big sins? Do you guys want to know about the hadiths that explain big sins? Or are you curious about how many big sins are in Islam? If your answer is, “Yes,” congratulations! You’re reading the right article. In this article I will explain it all. So, you have to read it to the end. Happy reading!
What is meant by the Big Sins According to Islam
If we want to get a definite explanation of big sins according to Islam, then we will not find a patent definition of it. Why? The reason is that there are countless verses of the Quran and hadith which only describe the types. What I mean is that the verses of the Quran and the hadiths that describe big sins only explain, for example, that this act and that act is big sins which results in the person committing the most severe punishment in the world, such as lashing, cutting hands punishment. hands, etc., such as Islamic laws at the time of the Prophet Muhammad and the five leaders of Muslims after him (Abu Bakr, Umar bin Khattab, Uthman bin Affan, Ali bin Abi Talib, and Hassan bin Ali bin Abi Talib), and in afterlife, such that those who do will live eternally in Hell.
So, that’s why Islamic scholars only explain the characteristics of actions that are considered big sins. Whereas what is meant by the big sins according to Islam are sins that causes the person who commits it to bear a very severe punishment in this world and in the hereafter
Quran About Big Sins
In fact, there are many verses of the Quran that describe big sins. Of course, I will not quote all of them here. If I have the time and energy in the next few days, I will explain the major sins according to Islam based on the Quran and the hadith, insha Allah.
One of the verses of the Quran which explains the big sins is as follows;
إِنْ تَجْتَنِبُوْا كَبَائِرَ مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرُ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَنُدْخِلْكُمْ مُدْخَلًا كَرِيْمًا
If you know the big sins among the sins that you have been prohibited from committing, then We will definitely erase your mistakes (your little sins) and We will definitely put you in a glorious place (Heaven). (An-Nisa’; 31).
Hadith About Big Sins
One of the hadiths that describes big sins is as follows;
قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ , وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ , وَرَمَضَانُ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ مُكَفِّرَاتٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ إِذَا اُجْتُنِبَتْ الْكَبَائِرُ
The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa salllam said, “Five prayers (five salat), Friday prayer to Friday prayer, and Ramadan to Ramadan, is practices that can erase small sins committed between those times if major sins are not done.”
Readers all! There are several important things that I want to explain about the above hadith. If we have understood the hadith, then we can conclude several things as follows;
One; The hadith describes the virtues of the five obligatory prayers (Fajr prayer, Dhuhr prayer, Asr prayer, Maghrib prayer, and Isha prayer), the virtues of Friday prayers, and the virtue of fasting in the month of Ramadan.
Two; That if we have performed the five obligatory prayers in Islam, then all the minor sins we commit between those times will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins. The point is, if you have performed the Fajr prayer and the Dhuhr prayer, then the minor sins we have committed during the time between Fajr prayer and Dhuhr prayer will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins. If we have performed the Dhuhr prayer and the Asr prayer, then the minor sins we committed during the time between Dhuhr prayer and Asr prayer will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit big sins. If we have performed the Asr prayer and the Maghrib prayer, then the minor sins we committed during the time between the Asr prayer and the Maghrib prayer will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins. If we have performed Maghrib prayer and Isha prayer, then the minor sins we nailed between Maghrib prayer and Isha prayer will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins. If we have performed the Isha prayer and the Fajr prayer, then the minor sins that we have committed during the time between Isha prayer and Fajr prayer will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins.
Three; that if we have performed Friday prayers last week and Friday prayers this week, then the small sins we have committed during the past week will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins.
Four; that if we have fasted in the month of Ramadan last year and we fasted in this month of Ramadan, then the small sins we have committed during the past year will be forgiven, as long as we do not commit any big sins.
Difference of Opinion on the Amount of Big Sins According to Islam
Now, there is an important question that we must know the answer to, “How many big sins according to Islam?”
Actually, Muslim scholars have different opinions on that. Some say that the number of big sins is seven. Some other people said seventy. The arguments of those who say that there are seven big sins are the following hadith;
قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : اِجْتَنِبُوْا السَّبْعَ الْمُوْبِقَاتِ . قَالُوْا : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ , وَمَا هُنَّ ؟ قَالَ : الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ , وَالسِّحْرُ , وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ الَّتِىْ حَرَّمَ اللهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ , وَأَكْلُ الرِّبَا , وَأَكْلُ مَالِ الْيَتِيْمِ , وَالتَّوَلَّى يَوْمَ الزَّحْفِ , وَقَذْفُ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ الْغَافِلَاتِ
The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Know the seven sins that destroy.” They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, what are they?” He replied, “Shirk to Allah, magic (sihr), killing a soul that has been forbidden by Allah except for the right reasons, eating Riba, eating the wealth of the orphan, running away from the battlefield, and accusing the woman of faith who keeps her honor of not committing adultery (zina).”
As for the arguments of those who say that the number of big sins is seventy based on Ibn Abbas’s statement about it.
Now, in fact, how many big sins are there in Islam?
The majority of Muslim scholars say that there are seventy types of big sins according to Islam. They position the seven major sins described in the above hadith as big sins which have greater consequences than other types of big sins. So, one big sin has bigger consequences than any other big sin.
Readers all! That is a brief explanation of some important things about big sins according to Islam that we should know. Do you guys understand? If you have any questions, please ask!
I think that’s all for this article. May be useful. Amen!
See you again in the next article!