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Believing in Allah Taala; A Best Explanation

Islamic Solution: Believing in Allah Taala ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain how to believe in Allah Ta’ala. In Islamic teachings, believing in Allah Ta’ala is the foundation of the first faith. Allah Ta’ala is the God who created the universe and everything in it. Believing in Him will determine our destiny in the world and in the hereafter. One simple way to have faith in Him is by not acknowledging the existence of an ally for Him, He is not born to parents and does not give birth to children. Allah Ta’ala said;

قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ١   ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ ٢   لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ ٣   وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُۥ كُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ ٤

Say: He, Allah, is One [1] Allah is He on Whom all depend [2] He begets not, nor is He begotten [3] And none is like Him [4]. (Al-Ikhlaash [112]; 1). 

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The believing in Allah Ta’ala as the first teaching that must be conveyed can be found in the following hadith;

قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- لمعاذ بن جبل لما أرسله إلى اليمن: إِنَّكَ تَقْدَمُ عَلَى قَوْم أَهْلِ كِتَاب فَلْيَكُنْ أَوَّلَ مَا تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَيْهِ عِبَادَةُ اللَّهِ فَإِذَا عَرَفُوا اللَّهَ فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ خَمْسَ صَلَوَات فِي يَوْمِهِمْ وَلَيْلَتِهِمْ فَإِذَا فَعَلُوا فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ زَكَاةً مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَتُرَدُّ عَلَى فُقَرَائِهِمْ فَإِذَا أَطَاعُوا بِهَا فَخُذْ مِنْهُمْ وَتَوَقَّ كَرَائِمَ أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ

The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said to Mu’adz bin Jabal when he sent him to Yemen, “You will come to the People of the Book. So, your first task is to invite them to worship God. If they know it, then you have to tell them that Allah has obliged them to pray five times a day. If they have done it (prayer), then tell them that Allah requires them to give alms from their property which is then given to the needy from their class. If they have obeyed the order, then take the rest. However, do not take their best assets.”

The more detailed explanation of believing in Allah Ta’ala is, we believe that Allah Ta’ala has compulsory characteristics, impossible characteristics, and the nature of jaiz (may).

What is meant by the obligatory qualities of Allah Ta’ala is that the obligatory qualities must be possessed by Allah Ta’ala. There are twenty mandatory characteristics;

  1. Wujud (وجود), which mean; there is.
  2. Qidam (قدم), which mean; Earlier.
  3. Baqaa’ (بقاء), which mean; eternal.
  4. Mukhalafatuhu li al-Hawadits (مخالفته للحوادث), which mean; different from creatures.
  5. Qiyaamuhu binafsihi ( قيامه بنفسه), which mean; stand-alone.
  6. Wahdaaniyah (وحدانية), which mean; one.
  7. Qudrah (قدرة), which mean; power.
  8. Iraadah (ارادة), which mean; Willing.
  9. ‘Ilmu (علم), which mean; knowing.
  10. Hayath (حياة), which mean; life.
  11. Sama’ (سمع), which mean; hear.
  12. Bashar (بصر), which mean; look.
  13. Kalaam (كلام), which mean; Talking.
  14. Kaunuhu Qaadiran (كونه قادرا), which mean; His condition is in power.
  15. Kaunuhu Muriidan (كونه مريدا), which mean; His condition is Willing.
  16. Kaunuhu ‘Aliiman (كونه عليما), which mean; His condition is Knowing.
  17. Kunuhu Hayyan (كونه حيا), which mean; His condition is Aliving.
  18. Kaunuhu Samii’an (كونه سميعا), which mean; His condition is Hearing.
  19. Kunuhu Bashiiran (كونه بصيرا), which mean; His condition is Looking.
  20. Kaunuhu Mutakalliman (كونه متكلما), which mean; His condition is Talking

As for the impossible qualities for Allah Ta’ala, it is that these qualities must not exist in Allah Ta’ala. These qualities are opposed to obligatory qualities. There are also twenty in number;

  1. ‘Adam (عدم), which mean; there is no.
  2. Hudûts (حدوث), which mean; new.
  3. Fana’ (فناء), which mean; changeable (will perish).
  4. Mumaatsalatuhu li al-Hawâdits (مماثلته للحوادث), which mean; Resembles a creature.
  5. Qiyaamuhu bi Ghairihi (قيامه بغيره), which mean; Need another one.
  6. Ta’addud (تعدد), which mean; Many (more than one).
  7. ‘Ajzun (عجز), which mean; weak.
  8. Karaahah (كراهة), which mean; forced.
  9. Jahlun (جهل), which mean; stupid.
  10. Mautun (موت), which mean; die.
  11. Shamam (صمم), which mean; deaf.
  12. ‘Ama (عمي), which mean; blind.
  13. Bukmun (بكم), which mean; mute.
  14. Kaunuhu ‘Aajizan (كونه عاجزا), which mean; His condition is weak.
  15. Kaunuhu Kariihan (كونه كريها), which mean; His condition is forced.
  16. Kaunuhu Jahiilan (كونه جهيلا), which mean; His condition is stupid.
  17. Kaunuhu Mayyitan (كونه ميتا), which mean; His condition is die.
  18. Kaunuhu Ashamma (كونه أصم), which mean; His condition is deaf.
  19. Kaunuhu ‘A’mma (كونه أعمي), which mean; His condition is blind.
  20. Kaunuhu Abkama (كونه أبكم), which mean; His condition is mute.

The nature of jaiz (may) for Allah Ta’ala, is, Allah Ta’ala can create something or not create something. All that is up to Allah Ta’ala. The number of these properties is only one; Mumkin (ممكن).

That is a brief explanation of believing in Allah Taala. I will discuss these traits in more detail in the next few articles, Allah willing.

I think that is enough for this article about believing in Allah Taala. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

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