Islamic Center: Ashura Day and its virtues; A Best Explanation ~ Hi all readers! Do you know what Ashura day is? Ashura Day is the tenth day of the month of Muharam. So, if today is the 10th of the month of Muharram, then today is Ashura day. There are some important things about that day that we should know about. The specific thing is, that day has a very big priority compared to other days. Of course, as Muslims we must know that. That’s why you should read this article to the end!
As usual, before I explain Ashura day and its virtues, I will quote two hadiths and one historical data that is specifically related to our discussion. The two hadiths and one historical data that I mean are as follows;
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ , عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ , قَالَ : يَوْمُ عَاشُوْرَاءَ كَانَتْ تَصُوْمُهُ الْأَنْبِيَاءُ , فَصُوْمُوْهُ أَنْتُمْ . رَوَاهُ ابْنُ أَبِيْ شَيْبَةَ
From Abu Hurairah, from Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, “On Ashura day, the Prophets fasted. Fast all of you on that day!” The hadith is narrated by Ibn Abi Syaibah.
عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ : قَدِمَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ [ الْمَدِيْنَةَ ] فَوَجَدَ الْيَهُوْدَ صِيَامًا يَوْمَ عَاشُوْرَاءَ . فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَا هَذَا الَّذِيْ تَصُوْمُوْنَهُ ؟ قَالُوْا : هَذَا يَوْمٌ عَظِيْمٌ , أَنْجَى اللهُ فِيْهِ مُوْسَى وَقَوْمَهُ , وَأَغْرَقَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَقَوْمَهُ , فَصَامَهُ مُوْسَى شُكْرًا , فَنَحْنُ نَصُوْمُهُ . قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : نَحْنُ أَحَقُّ وَأَوْلَى بِمُوْسَى مِنْكُمْ . رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ وَمُسْلِمٌ
From Ibn Abbas, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came in Medina. He found several Jews fasting on Ashura day. He then asked them, “What day is it, that you all are fasting?” They answered, “This is a big day. On that day Allah saved Moses and his people and sank Pharaoh and his people. Moses then fasted on that day as gratitude. We then fasted that day. ” Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alahi wa sallam then said, “We are more entitled and more concerned with Moses than all of you.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
رُئِيَ بَعْضُ الْمُتَقَدِّمِيْنَ فِيْ الْمَنَامِ , فَسُئِلَ عَنْ حَالِهِ , فَقَالَ : غُفِرَ لِيْ بِصِيَامٍ يَوْمَ عَاشُوْرَاءَ سِتِّيْنَ سَنَةً . لَطَائِفُ الْمَعَارِفَ لِابْنِ رَجَبٍ : 110 – 111
There is one good person in the past seen in a dream. He was then asked about his condition. He then said, “I have been forgiven for sixty years because of fasting on Ashura day.” Lathaifu al-Ma’arif by Ibn Rajab; 110 -111.
All Readers! There are some important things that we can conclude regarding the two hadiths and one historical data above;
First; the Prophets fasted on Ashura.
Second; in the second hadith it is explained, that Allah saved Moses and his people from the fury of Pharaoh and his people on Ashura day. That’s why Ashura day became a great day for the Jews. They then fasted on that day.
Third; there is one historical data explains, that there is one good person in ancient times has died. He was forgiven for sixty years because he had fasted on Ashura day.
All Readers! That is a brief explanation of Ashura day and its virtues. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you in the next article!